Rice (Oryza Sativa)
Undoubtedly originating in the orient, rice is one of the oldest grains in the world and is probably the most important grain with regards to human nutrition and caloric intake.
Rice providing more than one fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by the human species. It is grown in quantity on every continent and features in the diets of many cultures especially in tropical Latin America, the West Indies, East, South and Southeast Asia.
The climate in the United Kingdom is not suitable for the cultivation of rice while the warmer climes of Italy make them the largest European producer of rice.
There are many varieties of long and short grain rice, which can be produced in conditions ranging from flooded paddy fields to irrigated terraces, the plant can grow to 1–1.8 m tall, occasionally more depending on the variety and soil fertility.
Rice is easily digested making it suitable for those with a delicate digestion or on a special diet.