Carob (Ceratonia Siliqua)
Carob pods are the fruit of the carob tree, an evergreen. Carob originated from the Mediterranean region and the western part of Asia. Today it is grown mostly in Mediterranean countries.
Ripened pods are dark brown in colour and are 10 to 20 centimetres in length. The pod has a high content of natural sugars (40 - 45 percent) and fibre, but a low caloric content, due to its low fat and high fibre content.
It is also well known for its nutritional value and health properties as it is rich in both vitamins (A, B1, B2, D) and minerals (iron, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium). Carob is naturally gluten free.
To produce carob flour the pods are roasted and then finely ground.